A lump of modelling clay is moved from a small measuring cylinder to a large measuring cylinder
that has twice the diameter.
The reading on the small measuring cylinder goes down by 20 cm3
.By how much does the reading on the large cylinder go up?
The speed–time graph for a train is shown.
Which regions of the graph show the train moving?
A man stands next to a railway track.
A train travelling at 40 m/ s takes 2.0s to pass the man.
What is the length of the train?
A spring balance operates by the compression of a spring. It has been calibrated on the Earth in grams.
A beam balance operates by balancing standard masses against the unknown mass to bemeasured.
The same unknown mass is measured with each balance on the Earth and on the Moon.
The gravitational field strength on the Earth is greater than that on the Moon.
How would the measurements on the Earth compare with those on the Moon?
A measuring cylinder contains 30 cm3
of a liquid.
Some more of the liquid is added until the liquid level reaches the 50 cm3 mark.
The reading on the balance increases by 30 g.
What is the density of the liquid?
Which pieces of apparatus are the most appropriate for an experiment to plot an
extension–load graph of a spring?
A beam is pivoted at one end, as shown.
The beam weighs 6.0 N and its weight acts at a point X 40 cm from the pivot.
A force of 4.0 N is applied to the beam causing it to balance horizontally.
In which direction and where is the 4.0 N force applied?
The diagrams show the forces acting on four moving objects.
Which object is moving at a constant speed?
A mass hangs vertically from a spring.
The mass is raised to a point P and is then released.
The mass oscillates repeatedly between point P and a lower point Q.
Which energies alternately increase and decrease throughout the oscillations?
A force F acts on an object and the object moves a distance d in the direction of the force.
What is the work done on the object?
Liquid of mass 92 kg is contained in a rectangular tank.
The area of the base of the tank is 0.23 m°
.What is the pressure exerted by the liquid on the base of the tank?
The diagram shows a deep reservoir formed by a dam.
On what does the pressure at X depend?
The list gives three properties of different states of matter.
1 They cannot be compressed significantly.
2 They can flow.
3 They always completely fill their container.
Which properties are correct for liquids?
Two thermometers, P and Q, give the same reading at room temperature.
The bulb of thermometer Q is wrapped in gauze and dipped in a beaker of water at room temperature.
Air at room temperature is blown over the two thermometer bulbs.
Which statement correctly describes and explains what happens?
What happens to the volumes of liquid metal and of solid metal when heated at constant
The diagram shows a liquid-in-glass thermometer
A student wishes to check the marking of the upper fixed point on this thermometer.
What should she do?
A glass contains an iced drink on a warm and humid day. Water starts to form on the outside of
What is the name of the effect by which the water forms?
The diagram shows a convection current caused by a piece of ice placed in a beaker of water at
Which row correctly compares the temperatures and densities at water points P and Q?
The outside of one of two identical shiny metal containers is painted dull black. The containers
are filled with equal masses of hot water at the same temperature.
Why does the dull black container cool more quickly?
The diagram shows a wave.
Which row is correct?
A girl is sitting on a rock in the sea looking at passing waves. She notices that five complete
wavelengths pass her in 20 s.
What is the frequency of this wave?
A card is placed in front of a plane mirror so that its label is facing the mirror, as shown.
How does the image of the label formed by the mirror appear to the observer?
An object is placed in front of a converging lens. The lens has a focal length f.
In which labelled position should the object be placed in order to produce a real image that is smaller than the object?
Which part of the electromagnetic spectrum is used by a remote controller for a television?
Which statement correctly compares radio waves and X-rays?
Point X is near to a bar magnet, as shown.
Which arrow indicates the direction of the magnetic field of the bar magnet at point X?
A student counts how many iron pins an electromagnet picks up when its power supply is
switched on. Then, she counts how many pins are picked up when the power supply is switched
She repeats the experiment using cores made of different materials. The results are shown.
Which core is made out of soft iron?
The diagram shows a charged plastic rod and an uncharged metal sphere. The metal sphere is
suspended by an insulating thread.
The plastic rod is then moved close to the metal sphere.
Which row is correct?
A large battery is labelled with various items of information about the battery.
One of these items of information is the electromotive force (e.m.f.) of the battery.
What is the e.m.f. of the battery?
The circuit shown is being used to measure the resistance of resistor Z
What is the correct combination of meters to determine the resistance of resistor Z?
The diagram shows the circuit diagram symbol of an electrical component.
Which component does the symbol represent?
What is the advantage of connecting lamps in parallel in a lighting circuit?
The diagram shows a circuit of six identical lamps connected to a battery.
Which lamps are brightest?
Which transformer can change a 240V a.c. input into a 15V a.c. output?
The diagrams show patterns around a straight wire carrying a current perpendicularly out of the
Which pattern represents the magnetic field due to the current in the wire?
A current-carrying coil in a magnetic field experiences a turning effect.
Three suggestions for increasing the turning effect are given.
1 Increase the number of turns on the coil.
2 Increase the current in the coil.
3 Increase the strength of the magnetic field.
Which suggestions are correct?
A model of an atom consists of small particles orbiting a central nucleus.
Where is the positive charge in an atom?
A radioactive source has a half-life of 0.5 hours.
A detector near the source shows a reading of 6000 counts per second.
Background radiation can be ignored.
What is the reading on the detector 1.5 hours later?
Which statement about the radioactive decay of a substance is correct?